How to know the nature of your skin?

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The true nature of your skin is the combination of your skin type and its current condition. It is necessary to identify your skin's current properties in order to understand them and to develop a suitable skin care and lifestyle routine. Which characteristics correspond to your feelings and the appearance of your skin?

Several types of skin can be identified:

Normal, or balanced skin

Its levels of moisture and sebum production are balanced. The hydrolipidic film protects it effectively against the external aggressions. It is soft, comfortable and luminous, without shiny effect. The pores, fine and tightened are not very visible.

Dry skin

It produces little sebum and is not sufficiently lubricated and protected. The hydro lipidic film, which should create a protective barrier, lacks lipid and cannot play its role, also leading to progressive dehydration. Dead skin (squames) accumulates on the surface, which becomes rough. It is uncomfortable and lacks radiance. The pores are invisible.

Oily skin

The production of sebum is excessive, and the face has an oily, shiny film on the surface, which becomes more pronounced during the day. The skin texture is thick, the pores are very visible and the impurities that accumulate there cause blackheads. The skin is not uncomfortable, but it may have imperfections and painful pimples.

Combination skin

This type of skin has the characteristics of oily skin on the median area or T-zone (forehead, nose, chin), and dry skin on the rest of the face (cheekbones and cheeks). It is uncomfortable and has dilated pores, blackheads or blemishes.

Men's skin

It is naturally thicker and oilier than women's skin (sebaceous secretions are twice as important). The pores are often dilated. Regular shaving of the face can cause an alteration of the hydrolipidic film and lead to dehydration or redness and irritation.

Pigmented skin

Pigmented skin can have a specific imbalance in the hydrolipidic film that contributes to xerosis (dry skin) or acne. A slowdown in skin renewal combined with high sebaceous activity causes a dull, gray complexion and shine. The hydrolipidic film lacks water and is too greasy and has an acidic pH. Dehydrated areas cause local depigmentation, while oily areas favor the appearance of blackheads and acne. Skin imperfections and traumas can lead to hyperpigmentation. The solution: after gentle cleansing, apply non-comedogenic, highly moisturizing skin care products on a daily basis and regularly perform gentle exfoliations.

The condition of the skin

It depends on many external or internal factors, can be punctual and its characteristics are added to those generated by the type of skin ... it can become complex! In order to choose the right skin care products and to know which routine to adopt, it is also important to determine the current state of your skin.

Sensitive skin

Dry or oily, sensitive skin is said to be "reactive" because it over-reacts. This condition is most often caused by an imbalance of the hydrolipidic film and a disturbance of the microcirculation. It is often thin and heats up quickly. External aggressions (wind, cold, sun, friction, certain unsuitable products, etc.) or internal aggressions (stress, medication, etc.) cause persistent redness, tightness and burning sensations. It may have small blood vessels on the surface and slight swelling. Sensitive skin is uncomfortable and needs to be treated gently and carefully. Solutions can be found in decongesting, protective, moisturizing and soothing skin care and treatments.

Dehydrated skin

It lacks water due to an imbalance in the hydrolipidic film, which creates a vicious circle. The lack of sebum secretion disturbs the skin's ability to protect itself, to prevent water evaporation and to maintain a good level of moisture. Dehydration can affect all skin types, even combination to oily skin. It is accentuated by external aggressions (cold, wind, sun, air conditioning, pollution) and by aging or hormonal disturbances. This condition causes feelings of discomfort and tightness. In appearance, the skin shows fine lines, scabs or roughness and the complexion seems lackluster. The solution? Highly moisturizing skin care products to boost the skin's water content.

Mature skin

The effects of aging on the skin generally accelerate between the ages of 40 and 50. Regenerative functions diminish: the epidermis thins, collagen and elastin production is disturbed. The skin is less elastic and firm, skin slackening appears, as well as wrinkles and often pigmentation spots. The skin is thin and dry, and small blood vessels can be seen through the skin. Certain factors accelerate aging: external aggressions (heat, cold, wind, sun exposure, pollution), tobacco, alcohol, stress, illness, lack of sleep or dietary imbalances.

Acne-prone skin

Acne is very common among teenagers but is not limited to them. This skin condition is very much related to hormonal factors. Many women suffer from hormonal acne (fluctuating hormone levels during the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and menopause can cause acne) at any age. Skin texture is uneven, skin tone is dull and the skin has blackheads and microcysts. Acne-prone skin must be treated gently, the aim being to purify and eliminate excess sebum and imperfections without irritating or drying the skin. Favour rigorous hygiene, antiseptic and keratolytic products, then soothing, non-comedogenic, specially formulated for acne-prone skin.